The job cuts at
Meta (ticker: META), Facebook’s parent, said this past week that it will cut 10,000 jobs and cancel 5,000 unfilled openings. The cuts come less than six months after the company disclosed 11,000 layoffs in November as CEO Mark Zuckerberg seeks to make the business more efficient.
That isn’t the worst of it: Barron’s took a look at how staffing levels at
More companies have disclosed layoffs this year. And fewer openings are available, although it is important to note that layoffs aren’t the only reason for changes in employee head count. Spinoffs, or sales of parts of the business, could also lead to significant drops in staff numbers.
(HUM) declined by nearly one-third last year as the healthcare provider divested part of its business. Employees working for the affected segments were moved from Humana to a separate entity.
Staffing at the insurance company
American International Group
(AIG) declined by 10,000 people from a workforce of 36,600, representing a 28% cut, while
‘s (MCD) head count declined by 25% to 150,000 from 200,000.
Meta’s staff increased 20% last year, although most of the 11,000 cuts disclosed in November weren’t included in the year-end figure. The 11,000 reductions, plus the 10,000 layoffs disclosed this past week, would amount to 24% of the roughly 86,000 people working for the company at the end of 2022
Other firms with significant reductions to their workforces last year include
Stanley Black & Decker
MGM Resorts International
When it comes to absolute numbers,
(AMZN) made the biggest dent. The e-commerce giant removed 67,000 people from its payroll in 2022, the most among S&P 500 companies. But because the company employed more than 1.6 million people at the end of 2021, the cut was only 4% of its total workforce.
FedEx (FDX), the human-resource consulting firm
Robert Half International
(F), Target (TGT), and
(WFC) also cut many jobs, but the reductions were relatively small compared to their overall workforces.
January’s jobs data suggest the trend hasn’t abated. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the number of job losses jumped 240,000 from the previous month to 1.7 million, the highest level since 2020, although nonfarm payrolls increased by a net 517,000 jobs.
The largest increase in job losses came from the professional and business services sector, which includes many tech firms. In recent years, the sector’s layoffs have generally remained around or under 400,000 each month, but in January, the total hit 528,000, second only to the levels at the height of the pandemic.
At the same time, the number of job openings has been falling from its peak last spring, while the number of hires has remained relatively flat. That means openings are disappearing because companies are cutting back on their hiring plans, rather than because posts have been filled.
In January, the number of job openings decreased by 410,000 to about 10.8 million. The largest drop occurred not in professional services, but the construction and accommodation sector, followed by finance and insurance.
Job postings on hiring website Indeed have been declining since early in 2022, but the slide has steepened over the past few months. The number was most recently updated a week ago.
According to the Computing Technology Industry Association, job postings for tech positions across the U.S. decreased by 40,000, or 15%, in February from the previous month. That implies the government job-openings data for February might show more weakness when it is available.
In the current environment, a leaner workforce might be smart for some companies.
Take Meta, whose workforce is more than 10 times as big as it was a decade ago. According to the firm’s annual filings, the staff increased from around 6,300 people in 2013 to more than 86,000 in 2022.
In the beginning, the expansion was matched with strong growth. In 2016, Facebook made nearly $28 billion in revenue with about 17,000 employees, which means roughly $1.6 million for every person on the staff.
By 2022, revenue had risen to $116 billion, but because the workforce was bigger, the figure per worker was $638,000, less than half the amount in 2016.
“For most of our history, we saw rapid revenue growth year after year and had the resources to invest in many new products,” Zuckerberg wrote on Tuesday in a letter announcing the layoffs to his staff, “But last year was a humbling wake-up call. The world economy changed, competitive pressures grew, and our growth slowed considerably.”
Corrections & Amplifications: Humana’s workforce declined last year because the company divested part of its business. An earlier version of this article incorrectly suggested the reduction resulted from layoffs.
Write to Evie Liu at firstname.lastname@example.org